Human Development Index (HDI)
Das Entwicklungsprogramm der Vereinten Nationen (UNDP) veröffentlicht jährlich einen Bericht über die menschliche Entwicklung. Der darin enthaltene Index der menschlichen Entwicklung (englisch Human Development Index, HDI) erfasst die durchschnittlichen Werte eines Landes in grundlegenden Bereichen der menschlichen Entwicklung. Dazu gehören zum Beispiel die Lebenserwartung bei der Geburt, das Bildungsniveau sowie das Pro-Kopf-Einkommen. Aus einer großen Zahl solcher Einzelindikatoren wird eine Rangliste errechnet. Sie ermöglicht es, den Stand der durchschnittlichen Entwicklung eines Landes abzuleiten. 2013 erfasste der Index insgesamt 187 Staaten, 85 von ihnen wurden als Länder mit geringer oder mittlerer Entwicklung eingestuft.
Source: www.bmz.de/de/service/glossar/I/index_hdi.html



Dunkelblau: sehr hoher Entwicklungsstand
Hellblau: niedriger Entwicklungsstand
Source: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_Development_Index

Human Development Index (HDI) - 2014
HDI rank Country Value
LOW HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
188 Niger 0,348
187 Central African Republic 0,350
186 Eritrea 0,391
185 Chad 0,392
184 Burundi 0,400
183 Burkina Faso 0,402
182 Guinea 0,411
181 Sierra Leone 0,413
180 Mozambique 0,416
179 Mali 0,419
178 Guinea-Bissau 0,420
177 Liberia 0,430
176 Congo (Democratic Republic of the) 0,433
175 Gambia 0,441
174 Ethiopia 0,442
173 Malawi 0,445
172 Côte d'Ivoire 0,462
171 Afghanistan 0,465
170 Senegal 0,466
169 South Sudan 0,467
168 Djibouti 0,470
167 Sudan 0,479
166 Benin 0,480
163 Haiti 0,483
163 Rwanda 0,483
163 Uganda 0,483
162 Togo 0,484
161 Lesotho 0,497
160 Yemen 0,498
159 Comoros 0,503
158 Papua New Guinea 0,505
156 Mauritania 0,506
156 Solomon Islands 0,506
155 Zimbabwe 0,509
154 Madagascar 0,510
153 Cameroon 0,512
152 Nigeria 0,514
151 Tanzania (United Republic of) 0,521
150 Swaziland 0,531
149 Angola 0,532
148 Myanmar 0,536
147 Pakistan 0,538
145 Kenya 0,548
145 Nepal 0,548
143 Cambodia 0,555
MEDIUM HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
143 Sao Tome and Principe 0,555
142 Bangladesh 0,570
141 Lao People's Democratic Republic 0,575
140 Ghana 0,579
139 Zambia 0,586
138 Equatorial Guinea 0,587
137 Kiribati 0,590
136 Congo 0,591
134 Syrian Arab Republic 0,594
134 Vanuatu 0,594
133 Timor-Leste 0,595
132 Bhutan 0,605
131 Honduras 0,606
130 India 0,609
129 Tajikistan 0,624
128 Guatemala 0,627
126 Morocco 0,628
126 Namibia 0,628
125 Nicaragua 0,631
124 Guyana 0,636
123 Micronesia (Federated States of) 0,640
122 Cabo Verde 0,646
121 Iraq 0,654
120 Kyrgyzstan 0,655
119 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 0,662
116 El Salvador 0,666
116 South Africa 0,666
116 Viet Nam 0,666
115 Philippines 0,668
114 Uzbekistan 0,675
113 Palestine, State of 0,677
112 Paraguay 0,679
110 Gabon 0,684
110 Indonesia 0,684
109 Turkmenistan 0,688
108 Egypt 0,690
107 Moldova (Republic of) 0,693
106 Botswana 0,698
HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
105 Samoa 0,702
104 Maldives 0,706
103 Suriname 0,714
101 Belize 0,715
101 Dominican Republic 0,715
100 Tonga 0,717
99 Jamaica 0,719
97 Colombia 0,720
97 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0,720
96 Tunisia 0,721
94 Dominica 0,724
94 Libya 0,724
93 Thailand 0,726
90 China 0,727
90 Fiji 0,727
90 Mongolia 0,727
89 Saint Lucia 0,729
88 Ecuador 0,732
85 Albania 0,733
85 Armenia 0,733
85 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0,733
84 Peru 0,734
83 Algeria 0,736
81 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 0,747
81 Ukraine 0,747
80 Jordan 0,748
79 Grenada 0,750
78 Azerbaijan 0,751
77 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0,752
76 Georgia 0,754
75 Brazil 0,755
74 Mexico 0,756
73 Sri Lanka 0,757
72 Turkey 0,761
71 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 0,762
69 Costa Rica 0,766
69 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 0,766
67 Cuba 0,769
67 Lebanon 0,769
66 Serbia 0,771
64 Seychelles 0,772
64 Trinidad and Tobago 0,772
63 Mauritius 0,777
62 Malaysia 0,779
60 Palau 0,780
60 Panama 0,780
59 Bulgaria 0,782
58 Antigua and Barbuda 0,783
57 Barbados 0,785
56 Kazakhstan 0,788
55 Bahamas 0,790
52 Oman 0,793
52 Romania 0,793
52 Uruguay 0,793
50 Belarus 0,798
50 Russian Federation 0,798
VERY HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
49 Montenegro 0,802
48 Kuwait 0,816
47 Croatia 0,818
46 Latvia 0,819
45 Bahrain 0,824
44 Hungary 0,828
43 Portugal 0,830
42 Chile 0,832
41 United Arab Emirates 0,835
40 Argentina 0,836
39 Saudi Arabia 0,837
37 Lithuania 0,839
37 Malta 0,839
36 Poland 0,843
35 Slovakia 0,844
34 Andorra 0,845
32 Cyprus 0,850
32 Qatar 0,850
31 Brunei Darussalam 0,856
30 Estonia 0,861
29 Greece 0,865
28 Czech Republic 0,870
27 Italy 0,873
26 Spain 0,876
25 Slovenia 0,880
24 Finland 0,883
23 Austria 0,885
22 France 0,888
21 Belgium 0,890
20 Japan 0,891
19 Luxembourg 0,892
18 Israel 0,894
17 Korea (Republic of) 0,898
16 Iceland 0,899
14 Sweden 0,907
14 United Kingdom 0,907
13 Liechtenstein 0,908
12 Hong Kong, China (SAR) 0,910
11 Singapore 0,912
9 Canada 0,913
9 New Zealand 0,913
8 United States 0,915
6 Germany 0,916
6 Ireland 0,916
5 Netherlands 0,922
4 Denmark 0,923
3 Switzerland 0,930
2 Australia 0,935
1 Norway 0,944

Source: http://hdr.undp.org/en/data

The HDI was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. The HDI can also be used to question national policy choices, asking how two countries with the same level of GNI per capita can end up with different human development outcomes. These contrasts can stimulate debate about government policy priorities. The Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary measure of average achievement in key dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, being knowledgeable and have a decent standard of living. The HDI is the geometric mean of normalized indices for each of the three dimensions. The health dimension is assessed by life expectancy at birth, the education dimension is measured by mean of years of schooling for adults aged 25 years and more and expected years of schooling for children of school entering age. The standard of living dimension is measured by gross national income per capita. The HDI uses the logarithm of income, to reflect the diminishing importance of income with increasing GNI. The scores for the three HDI dimension indices are then aggregated into a composite index using geometric mean. Refer to Technical notes for more details. The HDI simplifies and captures only part of what human development entails. It does not reflect on inequalities, poverty, human security, empowerment, etc. The HDRO offers the other composite indices as broader proxy on some of the key issues of human development, inequality, gender disparity and human poverty. A fuller picture of a country's level of human development requires analysis of other indicators and information presented in the statistical annex of the report.